Quillivant XR is a brand name of prescription methylphenidate typically used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Quillivant XR has a high potential for abuse and addiction.
What Is Quillivant?
Quillivant XR is a liquid, extended-release prescription methylphenidate. It is suggested that the medication is given in the morning, and thoroughly shaken to ensure the dosage is correct. After reconstitution, every 5 mL of the liquid contains 25 mg of methylphenidate.
Quillivant, like other methylphenidate medications (Ritalin, Concerta), is prescribed to individuals diagnosed with ADHD. As a liquid, it provides an alternative for people unable to swallow pills.
Quillivant is only recommended for individuals over six years of age, and the effects of long-term use of Quillivant are not currently known. This medication is not suggested for people with cardiovascular issues (including structural abnormalities), high blood pressure, psychosis, or active manic episodes.
Quillivant was first available in 2012, and is the only liquid medication used to treat ADHD.
How Does Quillivant Work?
Because Quillivant is extended release, it lasts twice as long as many ADHD medications. It is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant and activates certain areas of the brain to increase attention, focus, and concentration skills. It also works to reduce hyperactivity, by increasing impulse control.
It is important to take Quillivant exactly as prescribed, to decrease the potential of abuse. Quillivant should be taken in the morning, due to its slow-release factors, otherwise it can result in insomnia.
Other common side effects of Quillivant are similar to other methylphenidate medications, and include decreased appetite, nausea, restlessness, mild anxiety, dry mouth, and weight loss.
When beginning Quillivant, it is important to maintain the supervision of the prescribing doctor. The recommended starting dose is 20 mg each day, in the morning. However, the lowest effective dose is different person to person, and doctors will adjust accordingly.